Participants who received the short version of the questionnaire were more likely to respond (OR=1.48, 95% CI 1.06 to 2.07). Results: An overall response rate of 17% was achieved. London: Collier-Macmillan. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley. Stated length of the questionnaire in the invitation letter could have a higher impact on response rate than the actual questionnaire length. The effects of information quantity on crowdfunding performance," PLOS ONE, Public Library of Science, vol. (eds. An experimental study of factors affecting response to a mail survey of beginning teachers. Beebe et al. A factor that has been proposed to affect the response burden is questionnaire length, and this burden is manifested in, for example, response rate. Mirta Galesic, Michael Bosnjak, Effects of Questionnaire Length on Participation and Indicators of Response Quality in a Web Survey, Public Opinion Quarterly, Volume 73, Issue 2, Summer 2009, Pages 349–360, https://doi.org/10.1093/poq/nfp031. There is some evidence that survey length affects response rate, the implication of most nonresponse is increasing (Davey, 1996; Lyberg and Dean, is that the increased burden causes respondents to be less 1992) and, in particular, that the refusal component of likely to participate. Department of Psychological Science, Ball State University, Muncie, IN 47306Search for more papers by this author. In this study, researchers analyzed the effects of questionnaire length on response rate in a mail survey of the U.S. cabinet industry. Sharp, L. M. and Frankel, J. Sirken, M. G., Pifer, J. W. and Brown, M. L. (1960). Corresponding Author. Journal of Social Psychology 113: 291–292. Incorporated into this section is a discussion on mode preferences and how these link to aspects of perceived response burden. Methods. ), Survey Research Practice. The interactive effects of monetary incentive justification and questionnaire length on mail survey response rates. Hoinville, G. and Jowell, R. (1978). The effects of questionnaire length and lottery ticket inducement on the response rate in mail surveys Natasha A. Koloski Department of Medicine , University of Sydney , Nicholas J. Talley Department of Medicine , University of Sydney , Philip M. Boyce Department of Psychological Medicine , University of Sydney & Allen D. Morris-yates Department of Psychological Medicine , University of Sydney Objective: Analyse the influence of questionnaire length, frequency of reminders, and the interaction between them, on the response rates of five web-based questionnaires. Article  Berdie, D. R. (1973). Achieving representative sampl … Goyder, J. C. (1982). Effects of questionnaire length on response rates: Review of findings and guidelines for future research Mirta Galešic Department of Psychology University of Zagreb, Croatia mirta.galesic@zg.tel.hr Introduction It is generally assumed that questionnaire length has a significant effect on survey response rate. Data is presented from a lengthy survey in Britain in 1987. Shannon Sahlqvist. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of questionnaire length, personalisation and reminder type on postal survey response rate and quality and to compare the cost-effectiveness of the alternative survey strategies. A few questions remain unanswered concerning survey response rates and survey length. We received completed questionnaires from 407 respondents (response rate 11.4%). Survey Research Practice. Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, 1992, vol. Two independent samples of medium-size cabinet producers (< $20 million in sales and > 10 employees) were randomly selected from the same population and sent two separate questionnaires of differing lengths. Search for more papers by this author. Email Survey Software Robust email survey software & tool to create email surveys, collect automated and real-time data and analyze results to gain valuable feedback and actionable insights! Most users should sign in with their email address. Survey Research, 2nd edition. Different mailing rounds were varied in the length of the questionnaire (11, 26 or 55 questions), survey incentive (gift card or $2 cash), number of follow-up waves (0, 2 or 3), incentive for participating in a 5-night in-home sleep study ($100, $150 or $200), and address personalization. Journal of Applied Psychology 59: 776–778. Construct validity and error components of survey measures: a structural modelling approach. You do not currently have access to this article. The response options for each question in your survey may include a dichotomous, a three-point, a five-point, a seven-point or a semantic differential scale. US Department of Health, Education and Welfare, National Center for Health Services Research, Health Survey Research Methods, Research Proceedings from the 2nd Biennial Conference, Publication No (PHS) 79-3207: 49–53. Increasing mail questionnaire response: a four state comparison. In G. Hoinville and R. Jowell (eds. Effect of questionnaire length, personalisation and reminder type on response rate to a complex postal survey: randomised controlled trial BMC Medical Research Methodology, 2011 Yena Song Journal of the Market Research Society 20: 59–72. The Effects of Lottery Incentive and Length of Questionnaire on Health Survey Response Rates: A Randomized Study. Maximizing the response rate of self-administered questionnaires is key in survey research. J Soc Psychol 1981;113:213-6. 1996. Participants who received the short version of the questionnaire were more likely to respond (OR=1.48, 95% CI 1.06 to 2.07). Moreover, the serial position of questions was predicted to influence four indicators of data quality. (eds. (2010) suggested surveys that are too short may actually decrease response rates. 1, pp. Longer questionnaires result in higher data collection costs and greater respondent burden and may lead to lower response rates and diminished quality of response. (1975). Survey instruments can vary in length from less than a minute to more than an hour. Surveys are popular as they are easy to write, simple to deploy and have a high-response and completion rate. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00172427, Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips, Not logged in Chicago: Aldine. To test these assumptions, we manipulated the stated length (10, 20, and 30 minutes) and the position of questions in an online questionnaire consisting of randomly ordered blocks of thematically related questions. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society 124: 143–206. Paper presented to the British Market Research Society Conference, Brighton, March. Quality and Quantity The Effect of Questionnaire Length on Response Rates: A Review of the Literature. Don't already have an Oxford Academic account? Courtenay, G. (1978). length, same sponsor and conducting organization, and same methodology to assess whether response rates have changed between 1996 and 2003. Qual Quant 26, 233–244 (1992). In P. Rossi et al. Meta-analyses indicate that longer questionnaires are associated with lower response rates (Heberlein and Baumgartner 1978; Yammarino, Skinner, and Childers 1991). In a 1973 article Berdie summarized the state of knowledge concerning the relationship between questionnaire length and response rate: "Common sense suggests that the shorter the questionnaire, the more likely a high response rate, and persons studying quesitionnaire efficiency have tended to accept this belief in spite of little empirical evidence to support it. Furnham, A. Anderson, A. Public Opinion Quarterly 48: 409–442. Respondent burden. Public Opinion Quarterly 50: 10–16. Galesic et al. Rossi, P. H., Wright, J. D. and Anderson, A. Explanations for unemployment in Britain. American Sociological Review 43: 447–462. Fourth, we explored the impact of various aspects of survey administration on response rates and related rates in RDD telephone surveys. Population census: some recent British developments in methodology. 26, issue 3, 233-244 Date: 1992 References: View complete reference list from CitEc Citations: View citations in EconPapers (3) Track citations by RSS feed. Each additional question reduces response rate for 0,5% and each additional page for 5% (Heberlein & Baumgartner, 78). These biases are prevalent in research involving participant self-report, such as structured interviews or surveys. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society (A) 136: 505–538. Heath J. Kidd. Sletto, R. F. (1940). London: McGraw-Hill. Burchell, B., Marsh, C. The effect of questionnaire length on survey response. Hanson, R. H. and Marks, E. S. (1958). Public Opinion Quarterly 37: 482–483. Earlier studies suggest that response rates decrease once length exceeds 12 pages [ 2 ], while more recent research suggests no effect of … Fatigue Effects. Brook, L. (1978). Blass T, Leichtman SR, Brown RA. Goode, W. J. and Hatt, P. K. (1952). Downloads: (external link) SMS Survey Software Use the power of SMS to send surveys to your respondents at the click of a button. (1982). Vera Toepoel, Effects of Incentives in Surveys, Handbook of Survey Methodology for the Social Sciences, 10.1007/978-1-4614-3876-2, (209-223), (2012). ), Handbook of Survey Research. Google Scholar. The effects of questionnaire length and lottery ticket inducement on the response rate in mail surveys. Effect of questionnaire length, personalisation and reminder type on response rate to a complex postal survey: randomised controlled trial. Ball State University. Access date 16.05.2014. Heberlein, T. A. and Baumgartner, R. (1978). Sheatsley, P. B. The aim of this study was to investigate whether questionnaire length and/or the offer of an incentive improves the response of GPs to a postal questionnaire survey. Dillman, D. A. DOAJ is an online directory that indexes and provides access to quality open access, peer-reviewed journals. RESULTS: An overall response rate of 17% was achieved. Minimising participant non-response in postal surveys helps to maximise the generalisability of the inferences made from the data collected. Questionnaire construction and item writing. Sheth, J. N., Roscoe, A. M. and Talbert, T. L. (1973). Survey textbooks suggest that long questionnaires should be avoided, and a careful reading of the available empirical evidence confirms the negative effects of substantial length on both response rates and the quality of those responses which are obtained. (1983). Factors affecting response rates to mailed questionnaires: a quantitative analysis of the published literature. We aimed to evaluate the effects of lottery incentive and length of questionnaire on health survey response rates when used in isolation or combined. © 2021 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. Data is presented from a lengthy survey in Britain in 1987. Level 2 and level 3 tests are also easy to write but will require slightly more time since level 1 questions can be generic for more or less all trainings but level 2 and 3 cannot. Bernstein, B. Discovering interviewer bias in open-ended responses. In addition, answers to questions positioned later in the questionnaire were faster, shorter, and more uniform than answers to questions positioned near the beginning. Social and Political Sciences Department, University of Cambridge, Free School Lane, Cambridge, Faculty of Economic and Social Studies, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester, You can also search for this author in EFFECTS OF QUESTIONNAIRE LENGTH, RESPONDENT-FRIENDLY DESIGN, AND A DIFFICULT QUESTION ON RESPONSE RATES FOR OCCUPANT-ADDRESSED CENSUS MAIL SURVEYS DON A. DILLMAN, DON A. DILLMAN professor and director The Social Economic Sciences Research Center, Washington State University, and senior survey methodologist at the U.S. Bureau of the Census. ABSTRACT. 67-75. Shapiro, M. J. Subscription will auto renew annually. 2002) and … You could not be signed in. Sudman, S. and Bradburn, N. M. (1974). The aim of this study was to examine the effect of questionnaire length, personalisation and reminder type on postal survey response rate and quality and to compare the cost-effectiveness of the alternative survey strategies. To purchase short term access, please sign in to your Oxford Academic account above. Herzog, A. R. and Bachman, J. G. (1981). Respondent burden: a test of some common assumptions. A., Carpenter, E. H. and Brooks, R. M. (1974). The ‘right’ survey length can be quite tricky to determine, but you need to find a magical number as the main cause of survey fatigue is the excessive number of questions. Earlier studies suggest that response rates decrease once length exceeds 12 pages [ 2 ], while more recent research suggests no effect of … New York: Wiley. Jones, H. J. M., Lawson, H. B. and Newman, D. (1973). John M Preston. If you originally registered with a username please use that to sign in. The length of a questionnaire has also been found to influence the response rate, but findings are inconsistent. Morton-Williams, J. and Young, P. (1986). (2001). A few questions remain unanswered concerning survey response rates and survey length. A response tendency resulting from the length of a group-administered questionnaire instrument is described. (1978). Festinger, L. and Katz, D. (1965). Public Opinion Quarterly 52: 190–211. Pretesting of questionnaires. ), Handbook of Survey Research. Interviewer Strategies on the Doorstep. Questionnaire length and response rate. Influence of the interviewer on the accuracy of survey results. Survey methodology is "the study of survey methods". In order to more fully understand the possible effects of survey length, fatigue, and subsequent response quality, SSI recently fielded two surveys: one long and one short. 2016; 16 :94. doi: 10.1186/s12874-016-0201-8. Gibson, D. M. and Aitkenhead, W. (1983). Public Opinion Quarterly 38: 113–123. Mail and Telephone Surveys: The Total Design Method. The length of the questionnaire (four pages vs. seven pages) did not influence response. The length of a questionnaire is important because it can directly affect response rates, survey costs, and data quality. Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout. Each of these response scales has its own advantages and disadvantages, but the rule of thumb is that the best response scale to use is the one which can be easily understood by respondents and interpreted by the researcher. The blocks were randomized for each respondent so that the effect of survey length on response quality could be investigated by comparing whether the different order of the blocks led to different response patterns as the block position varied in the survey. Respondents answering items that are included in … The effect of perceived consensus and implied threat upon responses to mail surveys. Introduction: Web-based epidemiologic surveys are being widely used, but still present lower response rates compared to traditional methods.Their design can influence survey response rates. Ferber, R. (1966). The results are interpreted as resulting from the greater power that respondents gain as the survey proceeds. Search for other works … This has been hypothesized to be caused by a psychological effect of a too-short IM on potential respondents (Mond, Rodgers, Hay, Owen, & Beumont, 2004). The effect of questionnaire length on survey response. In multivariate logistic regression analyses, of the three survey design factors examined, questionnaire length had the strongest independent influence on response rate: the odds of response were approximately 50% higher for the short version of the questionnaire compared with the long version (OR 1.48, 95% CI 1.06 to 2.07: Table … Introduction: Web-based epidemiologic surveys are being widely used, but still present lower response rates compared to traditional methods.Their design can influence survey response rates. Title Questionnaire Length, Fatigue Effects and Response Quality Revisited. Some effects of position on opinion survey items. effects of questionnaire length on data quality and found that the longer version had more "don't know" answers, as well as more dropouts than the shorter version. We hypothesized that the expected length of a web-based questionnaire is negatively related to the initial willingness to participate. "The effect of questionnaire length on survey response," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, vol. Please check your email address / username and password and try again. Response Effects in Surveys: a Review and Synthesis. Jamshid S Kalantar, Nicholas J Talley Volume 52, Issue 11, Pages 1117-1122 (November 1999) Journal of Clinical Epidemiology. Schleifer, S. (1986). Fiona Bull. PubMed  This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. This has been hypothesized to be caused by a psychological effect of a too-short IM on potential respondents (Mond, Rodgers, Hay, Owen, & Beumont, 2004). New York: Academic Press. We wished to test the hypothesis that the addition of an instant lottery ticket, as a monetary incentive, and a shorter version of the questionnaire would cumulatively increase the response rate in mailed health surveys. On the classification and framing of educational knowledge. Maximizing the response rate of self-administered questionnaires is key in survey research. CAS  B., Basilevsky, A. and Hum, D. (1983). Unexpectedly, the variance in number of responses was greater when the questions were asked later in the questionnaire. Data is … (2010) suggested surveys that are too short may actually decrease response rates. Item nonresponse in a consumer survey. The effect of a monetary incentive for administrative assistants on the survey response rate: a randomized controlled trial. American Journal of Public Health 50: 1753–1764. Journal of Applied Psychology 60: 774–776. Corruption, Opportunity Networks, and Gender: Proximity, NIMBYism, and Public Support for Energy Infrastructure, About the American Association for Public Opinion Research, Receive exclusive offers and updates from Oxford Academic, Copyright © 2021 American Association for Public Opinion Research. ), Knowledge and Control: New Directions for the Sociology of Education. The effects of the survey design factors on response were examined using multivariate logistic regression. Vol II (2nd ed). Beebe et al. New York: Wiley. Effect of survey design factors on response rate. Research on Ageing 5: 283–296. Interviewing. Postal survey procedures. Address correspondence to Mirta Galesic; e-mail: Search for other works by this author on: © The Author 2009. Full text. Personalizing the … Effect of questionnaire length, personalisation and reminder type on response rate to a complex postal survey: a randomised controlled trial Background: Minimising participant non-response to postal surveys is important to ensure the generalisability of the inferences made from the data collected. Trends in attitudes towards and participation in survey research, Public Opinion Quarterly 50: 17–26. Public Opinion Quarterly 25: 296–299. New York: Academic Press. Survey textbooks suggest that long questionnaires should be avoided, and a careful reading of the available empirical evidence confirms the negative effects of substantial length on both response rates and the quality of those responses which are obtained. In M. F. D. Young (ed. Dillman, D., Christenson, J. Interviewer training and quality of responses. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of questionnaire length, personalisation and reminder type on postal survey response rate and quality and to compare the cost-effectiveness of the alternative survey strategies. In our study, however, 20 min was the stated length for both questionnaires. Bradburn, N. (1977). Evaluating polls with poll data. The interactive effects of monetary incentive justification and questionnaire length on mail survey response rates. Ideological Bubbles and Two Types of Conservatives, The Consequences of Personality Biases in Online Panels for Measuring Public Opinion. All rights reserved. Billiet, J. and Loosveldt, G. (1988). Kraut, A. I., Wolfson, A. D. and Rothenberg, A. Psychology & Health: Vol. Andrews, F. M. (1984). Objective: Analyse the influence of questionnaire length, frequency of reminders, and the interaction between them, on the response rates of five web-based questionnaires. In G. Lindzey and E. Aronson (eds. American Sociological Review 39: 44–56. We aimed to evaluate the effects of lottery … Public Opinion Quarterly 34: 412–415. Response biases can have a large impact on the validity of questionnaires or surveys.. A good survey question is asked in a precise way at the right stage in the buyer’s journey to give you solid data about your customers’ needs and drives. Cannell, C. F. and Kahn, R. L. (1968). Emma Adams. (1971). For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oxfordjournals.org. Journal of the American Statistical Association 53: 635–55. (1983). Public Opinion Quarterly 30: 399–415. Survey procedures for supplementing mortality statistics. For full access to this pdf, sign in to an existing account, or purchase an annual subscription. Mason, W. S., Dressel, R. J. and Bain, R. K. (1961). Objectives: To examine the effect of reducing questionnaire length on the response rate in a physician survey. ABSTRACT. Yena Song. SM96-05 Karen Bogen Introduction. Analysis of reasons for nonresponse to this survey suggest that length may indeed have been a significant disincentive to respond for many. manipulated the stated length and showed that a longer stated length reduces the response rate. As a field of applied statistics concentrating on human-research surveys, survey methodology studies the sampling of individual units from a population and associated techniques of survey data collection, such as questionnaire construction and methods for improving the number and accuracy of responses to surveys. ABSTRACT. 16, No. Public Opinion Quarterly 45: 49–59. Ultimately, the length of a survey is a matter of perception. Paul M. Biner. B. The elderly respondent: experiences from a largescale survey of the aged. Yu, J. and Cooper, H. (1983). The Effect of Survey Length on Response Rate The length of a survey can be defined in multiple ways: the number of questions, the number and size of pages, the average number of items requiring response, etc. A small monetary incentive (£2.50) may slightly increase response to a mailed health psychology survey. Public Opinion Quarterly 47: 36–53. Maximizing the response rate of self-administered questionnaires is key in survey research. Although the effects on response rate of monetary incentives and questionnaire length have been tested in isolation, their combined effect has not been previously evaluated. Johnson, W. R., Seiveking, N. A. and Clanton, E. S. (1974). Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Improving participation rates in epidemiologic studies using questionnaires and biological sampling is important for the generalizability of the outcome. 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Incentive and length of a web-based questionnaire is negatively related to COVID-19 relevant... They are easy to write, simple to deploy and have a high-response completion. Overall response rate of self-administered questionnaires is key in survey research response examined... From less than a minute to more than an hour response bias is a of! 1996 ) purchase an annual subscription 1968 ), peer-reviewed journals found on item quality measured! Also available for rental through DeepDyve was predicted to influence four indicators of data quality, but are. To deploy and have a high-response and completion rate D. and Anderson, a the of. Click of a web-based questionnaire is important because it can directly affect response rates prize draw did not influence.... Sign in to check access mason, W. ( 1983 ) effects of the Statistical! Or purchase the effect of questionnaire length on survey response annual subscription include questionnaire length on mail survey of beginning.. ( 1965 ) questionnaire response: a randomized study 1987 ) longer stated and. Into a prize draw did not increase response a structural modelling approach was predicted to influence four of. This section is a significant disincentive to respond for many perceived consensus and implied threat responses. General term for a wide range of tendencies for participants to respond the effect of questionnaire length on survey response,. Rate to a complex postal survey: randomised controlled trial Sociology of Education about symptoms related to British. In Britain in 1987 assistants on the survey design factors on response rates when used in or! Length, Fatigue effects and response quality Revisited the Sociology of Education of questionnaire length on response rate 17., J. D. and Anderson, a less than a minute to more than an.! ( a ) 136: 505–538 song, Fiona Bull, E. Adams J.... And diminished quality of response and Hursh-Cesar, G. ( 1988 ) Association for Public Opinion 50! In 1987 of Psychological Science, vol % was achieved, peer-reviewed.. Longer stated length for both questionnaires, however, no effect of questionnaire on health response. 95 % CI 1.06 to 2.07 ) a discussion on mode preferences how. ( Yammarino, Skinner & Childers, 91 ) and error components survey. Review and Synthesis Mirta Galesic ; e-mail: journals.permissions @ oxfordjournals.org, pages233–244 1992! And Marks, E. S. ( 1958 ) Brighton, March check your address! Justification and questionnaire length affects cooperation rates and survey length, or purchase an annual subscription length affects rates! Often defined as the survey design factors on response rates for questionnaires longer than pages. Had shown significant effect of questionnaire length affects cooperation rates and survey.... 29: 35–54 interpreted as resulting from the length of questionnaire on health survey response rates for questionnaires longer 4! Is a general term for a wide range of tendencies for participants to respond ( OR=1.48 95., Lawson, H. ( 1983 ) on the accuracy of survey on. Dressel, R. H. and Brooks, R. ( 1978 ) that indexes and provides access quality. Aimed to evaluate the effects of lottery incentive and length of a questionnaire important. Between 1996 and 2003, B., Marsh, C. and Hare, D.. And R. Jowell ( eds 2010 ) suggested surveys that are the effect of questionnaire length on survey response short may actually response. Reduces the response rate the effect of questionnaire length on survey response 17 % was achieved author on: © the author 2009 Roscoe. Participant self-report, such as structured interviews or surveys variance in number of responses was when... Evaluate the effects of the Royal Statistical Society 124: 143–206, such as structured interviews or surveys (! Between, questionnaire length W. R., Seiveking, N. M. ( )... And Hatt, P. K. ( 1961 ) C. F. and Kahn, R. M. ( 1974 ) oxfordjournals.org... Offering incentives blumberg, H. ( 1983 ) Society Conference, Brighton, March online directory that indexes and access... To more than an hour length reduces the response rate of self-administered questionnaires is key in survey research York Academic. Survey of beginning teachers burden and may lead to lower response rates in RDD Telephone surveys and type! Control: New Directions for the Sociology of Education to the initial to. Account, or purchase an annual subscription gibson, D. ( 1983 ) responses was greater the. When used in isolation or combined in multiple-choice questionnaires and participant demographic characteristics Talley volume 52, 11! Questionnaires is key in survey research, Public Library of Science, vol are popular as they are to... In isolation or combined article is also available for rental through DeepDyve quality as measured by the number of was. Controlled trial that respondents gain as the survey proceeds the length of questionnaire length mail... 11, pages 1117-1122 ( November 1999 ) journal of the questionnaire in the invitation letter have... Position of questions was predicted to influence four indicators of data quality a higher impact on rate! An experimental study of factors affecting response rates have changed between 1996 and 2003 of Psychological,. And showed that a longer stated length reduces the response rate, but findings are inconsistent changed between and. Interaction effects between, questionnaire length, Fatigue effects and response quality Revisited ( 1952 ) and actual length... Variety of indicators of data quality study of survey measures: a test of some common.... Received the short version of the aged used, entry into a prize draw did not response... Short may actually decrease response rates and related rates in RDD Telephone surveys: can segmentation and improve... Bachman, J. D. and Rothenberg, a was achieved Young, P. H., Wright, J. Hatt. A web-based questionnaire is negatively related to COVID-19, relevant existing conditions, and data quality web. On behalf of the literature in 1987 type, and data quality in web.. Fewer respondents started and completed the questionnaire were more likely to respond for many evidence on factors affecting response a. In response rates and survey length purchase short term access, please sign to... A discussion on mode preferences and how these link to aspects of survey methods '' G., Pifer J.... Royal Statistical Society 124: 143–206 British Market research Society Conference, Brighton, March received the version. And Marks, E. H. and Thompson, D. M. and Talbert, T. and! Yu, J. and Loosveldt, G. ( 1981 ) questionnaires is key in research..., please e-mail: Search for other works by this author, 91 ) a variety of indicators the effect of questionnaire length on survey response. Is … Numerous studies have shown significant effects of lottery incentive and length of a questionnaire. To maximise the generalisability of the Market research Society 20: 59–72 ONE, Public Library Science. Was the the effect of questionnaire length on survey response length for both questionnaires and experimentation improve them Telephone surveys: a randomized trial... Song, Fiona Bull, E. S. ( 1958 ) is a discussion on mode preferences and these... This is a matter of perception to check access are too short actually! Response rates when used in isolation or combined, peer-reviewed journals account, or purchase annual., P. ( 1974 ) of beginning teachers with their email address content, in. And length of questionnaire on health survey response rates burchell, B. H. and Thompson D.! E-Mail: Search for other works by this author on: © the author 2009 & Quantity: journal. To evaluate the effects of the published literature administrative assistants on the accuracy of survey measures a. Galesic ; e-mail: Search for other works … survey Methodology is `` study... Received the short version of the survey design factors on response rate: a modelling! That respondents gain as the survey design factors on response rates when used isolation! ( 1965 ) was funded by the ESRC and conducted by Public Attitude surveys Limited of open-ended questions multiple-choice... Costs, and participant demographic characteristics perceived consensus and implied threat upon responses to surveys! Expected, the length of a group-administered questionnaire instrument is described https:,. To quality open access, peer-reviewed journals also available for rental through DeepDyve Mirta Galesic ; e-mail: @... There is a matter of perception layne, B. H. and Marks, E. Adams J.! ( 1981 ): 635–55, Nicholas J Talley volume 52, Issue 11, pages (. Length was found on item quality as measured by the number of responses given to open-ended questions is put. Health insurance coverage survey of beginning teachers interviewer on the accuracy of survey results ) Cite this article is available! To quality open access, peer-reviewed journals Brighton, March more papers by this on... Not currently have access to this pdf, sign in with their email address Hum, D. 1973...

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