I wouldn't do duty on one of these for anything in the world—you can have them. MacArthur rode in the radio operator's seat, which did not need to be manned as the aircraft were travelling under radio silence. General Douglas MacArthur in the Philippines near Manila. [74][75] On 21 March, MacArthur's journey was completed when his train rolled into Melbourne's Spencer Street station, where he was greeted by the Australian Minister for the Army, Frank Forde.[76]. He had left the Philippines just before the Japanese conquest of the islands at the Battle of Corregidor on May 5 and 6, 1942. With two of his three engines out of action, Schumacher felt that his boat was no longer seaworthy. Fortunately, no Japanese planes cut across the blue sky, though the enemy was known to make regular mail flights from Mindanao to Luzon. [53] He ordered his crew to man the .50-caliber machine guns and get ready to launch torpedoes. [80] Wainwright held out on Corregidor until 6 May. "[16], Most of the United States Asiatic Fleet retired to the south of the Philippines. Sutherland included two of his own men: his assistant, Lieutenant Colonel Francis H. Wilson, and his stenographer, Master Sergeant Paul P. Rogers. So sind zum Beispiel in verschiedenen Szenen Flugzeugtypen zu sehen, die noch gar nicht auf dem Markt waren, wie zum Beispiel die Douglas DC-7, mit der Präsident Truman zur ersten Begegnung mit MacArthur angeflogen kam, und eine McDonnell F-4 Phantom II, die in einer Szene im Koreakrieg Napalm-Bomben abwirft. They traveled in PT boats through stormy seas patrolled by Japanese warships and reached Mindanao two days later. After the war he served as Superintendent of the United States Military Academy, and as Chief of Staff of the United States Army. [4], As early as 1907, U.S. naval and military planners had concluded that it would be impractical to repel an invasion of the Philippines. MacArthur took nothing. Philippines: General Douglas MacArthur with President Sergio Osmena, Leyte, August 1944. [8] In August 1941, the U.S. Navy created Motor Torpedo Boat Squadron Three, under the command of Lieutenant (junior grade) John D. Bulkeley. [64] He therefore approached Vice Admiral Herbert F. Leary, the commander of naval forces in the Anzac Area, to ask for a loan of some of twelve newly arrived Navy B-17s. [29] Bulkeley told him that it would be "a piece of cake. The son of Lieutenant General Arthur MacArthur, Jr., who was awarded the Medal of Honor for his services in the American Civil War, MacArthur had graduated at the top of the U.S. Military Academy class of 1903. [1], MacArthur's job was to advise the Philippine government on defense matters, and prepare the Philippine defense forces when the Philippines became fully independent, which was to be in 1946. [6][7] The nascent Philippine Navy acquired three, known as "Q" boats, after President Manuel L. [41] It sported a label from the Hotel New Grand in Yokohama, where she stayed during her honeymoon. MacArthur wurde in Little Rock, Arkansas, als Sohn eines dekorierten Obersten des Bürgerkriegs geboren und wuchs auf Militärbasen auf. "[24] "With regard to the actual movement", he went on, "I deem it advisable to go to Mindanao by combined use of surface craft and submarine, and thence by air, further movement by submarine being too time consuming. Der film-dienst beurteilte den Film in seiner zeitgenössischen Kritik als pathetischen „Abgesang auf den Fünf-Sterne-General MacArthur“. But I also know that every man and woman is in agreement that all important decisions must be made with a view toward the successful termination of the war. [17] The loss of Manila and the U.S. The Admiral was pretty wrought up. But by the time General Douglas MacArthur landed American troops to retake the Philippines from the Japanese in October 1944, the Japanese Imperial forces only controlled 12 … [38], MacArthur was accompanied by his family: his wife Jean, four-year-old son Arthur,[39] and Arthur's Cantonese amah, Ah Cheu. Er betrachtet die Person Douglas MacArthur als Mensch, Familienoberhaupt, Soldat und Politiker. [38], Because there was no food for the passengers on the PT boats, Jean and MacArthur's aide-de-camp, Lieutenant Colonel Sidney L. Huff, packed tins of food into four duffel bags, one for each boat. [1] He was an aide-de-camp to his father from 1905 to 1906, and to President Theodore Roosevelt from 1906 to 1907. [26] Major General Jonathan M. Wainwright was left in command on Bataan and Corregidor. Share this quote: Like Quote. [65] The newly formed 40th Reconnaissance Squadron manned the bombers. Radio broadcasts in the United States calling for MacArthur to be placed in charge in Australia had been picked up by MacArthur's headquarters in Corregidor, and it had to be assumed that the Japanese had heard them too. [84] With the loss of Cebu City, there were no more torpedoes, so the active careers of the remaining boats of Bulkeley's squadron came to an end. Weakly struck in low relief at the San Francisco Mint. MacArthur broke off their relationship in 1934, and promptly dismissed her, sending her a letter enclosed with a plane ticket for her return trip to the Philippines. Although PT-34 had led all the way from Tagauayan, Kelly now let Bulkeley take the lead, as he had the channel charts. A broad agreement was reached that the United States would assume responsibility for the Southwest Pacific. Of the decision to depart by PT boat rather than wait for the submarine, Lieutenant Robert B. Kelly, executive officer of Motor Torpedo Boat Squadron Three, and commander of PT-34,[34] later recalled: Having served with Lieutenant Bulkeley as his second in command on this and a prior assignment, I was privy to much of what transpired during his conferences with General MacArthur during the decision making process. I'm coming back."[45]. MacArthur gave PT boat officers a high priority to be flown out from Mindanao. A small force was left behind under the command of Rear Admiral Francis W. Rockwell consisting of the submarine tender USS Canopus, the submarine rescue ship Pigeon, gunboats Oahu, Luzon and Mindanao, minesweepers Finch, Tanager and Quail, five tugboats, three small patrol boats, and the PT boats of Motor Torpedo Boat Squadron Three. [40] In fact, each passenger was limited to one piece of luggage weighing 35 pounds (16 kilograms) or less. "[79] Some people with family members in the Philippines were dismayed. [3] The Philippine Army, almost entirely manned and officered by Filipinos with only a small number of American advisors, was raised by conscription, with two classes of 20,000 men being trained each year, starting in 1937. Gregory Peck erhielt 1978 eine Golden-Globe-Nominierung in der Kategorie Bester Hauptdarsteller – Drama, hatte aber seinerzeit gegenüber Richard Burton (Equus – Blinde Pferde) das Nachsehen. The two boats then hid for the day in a nearby cove. "Perhaps", Brett speculated, "Leary had heard from Washington". Engraver: Laura Gardin Fraser 1937 heiratete er Jean Marie Faircloth. Only one B-17, piloted by Lieutenant Harl Pease, reached Del Monte, and this B-17 was in poor condition, with no brakes and a faulty supercharger. We would fall into a trough, then climb up the steep water peak, only to slide down the other side. We were making good speed through strange waters with islands all around us. "[24] Marshall replied that the President would allow him to choose the time and method of his departure. Chapple then took the fifteen PT-32 crewmen back to Corregidor. He was an aide-de-camp to his father from 1905 to 1906, and to President Theodore Roosevelt from 1906 to 1907. Singapore, once considered impregnable, fell on 15 February, and in Washington, the possibility that Corregidor would also fall and MacArthur would be taken prisoner was considered. Philippines 1942: MacArthur Escaped from the Jaws of Death. At a time when the news from all fronts was uniformly bad, MacArthur became a living symbol of Allied resistance to the Japanese. MacArthur was a well-known and experienced officer with a distinguished record in World War I, who had retired from the United States Army in 1937 and had become a defense advisor to the Philippine government. Creating a new staff in Australia would have taken time, while taking his existing one would enable him to commence work soon after arrival in Australia. Lettering: DEFENDER AND LIBERATOR GEN DOUGLAS MAC ARTHUR THE PHILIPPINES . Akers found the crew of PT-32 there, and discovered that the other two boats had been and gone. August 2015). Despite this, Motor Torpedo Boat Squadron Three continued to patrol. [48] The seas were moderate, but most of the passengers quickly became seasick. "When I get back", MacArthur told him, "if you're still on Bataan, I'll make you a lieutenant general." MacArthur was America's most experienced general, but would be of little use in a prisoner of war camp. It was a half-strength squadron, with only six PT boats instead of the normal twelve, numbered 31 to 35 and 41. [26] By 10 March, MacArthur had decided that the Bataan front was not in danger of imminent collapse,[31] and replied that he planned to depart on 15 March,[26] when the submarine USS Permit was scheduled to arrive at Corregidor. A subsequent message from MacArthur requested his "most experienced pilots, and the best available planes in top condition",[64] but the only long-range aircraft that Brett had were Boeing B-17 Flying Fortresses of the 19th Bombardment Group which had seen hard service in the Philippines and the Dutch East Indies campaigns. [89] Bulkeley contributed to a book about his PT squadron's exploits, entitled They Were Expendable. The brave but doomed defense of Bataan had captured the imagination of the American public,[22] who saw MacArthur as the only Allied general who knew how to fight the Japanese. Bulkeley was flown out on MacArthur's orders on 13 April. [41], Only PT-41, which carried MacArthur and his family, departed from Corregidor's North Dock. A week later, PT-33 ran aground while patrolling south of Manila Bay, and was set on fire to prevent her being salvaged by the Japanese. The remaining thirteen were members of MacArthur's staff, who were loyal and experienced; some had been with MacArthur for years. He was Chief of Staff of the United States Army during the 1930s and played a prominent role in the Pacific theater during World War II. MacArthur and Quezon would later reconcile after Japan’s surprise attack on the Philippines. He retired from the United States Army in 1937, and became a field marshal in the Philippine Army. He received the Medal of Honor for his service in the Philippines Campaign. [4] When MacArthur was recalled from retirement in July 1941 to become commander of United States Army Forces in the Far East (USAFFE) at the age of 61, he united the Philippine and United States Armies under one command. The spray drove against our skin like stinging pellets of birdshot. [9] It was understood that a fleet consisting of more than PT boats would be required for a successful defense of the Philippines. Nach dem Angriff auf den amerikanischen Marinestützpunkt Pearl Harbor auf Hawaii beginnen die Japaner sofort mit weiteren Angriffen auf amerikanische und britische Militärstützpunkte im pazifischen Raum. Cagayan was sighted shortly after 06:30 on 13 March. News and Features Bureau. Bevor er an Bord eines der Schnellboote ging, formulierte er einen Satz, der ihn einige Jahre später legendär machen sollte – „Ich komme wieder!“ – was er auch tat. MacArthur – Held des Pazifik sei „Trotz deklamatorischer Kritik am Krieg eine unkritische, melodramatische Verklärung der Titelfigur.“[1]. [33] Huff removed the four-star rank number plates from MacArthur's car so they could be used in Australia, and took a mattress for the MacArthurs to lie on. The Commander in Chief, U.S. Fleet, Admiral Ernest King was not going to let MacArthur award the Medal of Honor to a naval officer, so he wrote a citation for Bulkeley on behalf of the Navy. "Unless the right moment is chosen for this delicate operation", he wrote, "a sudden collapse might occur. We could see the outlines of the big ones—Negros and Mindanao—very dimly against the horizon through the storm. [94] So too was Bulkeley, who lauded MacArthur as "the greatest general as well as statesman since George Washington", and hailed his decision to escape on PT boats as a stroke of genius. [88] Roosevelt presented it to Bulkeley in a ceremony in the Oval Office on 4 August 1942. Parts were serialized in Reader's Digest and Life magazines and it became a bestseller in 1942. [47] If attacked by the Japanese, PT-41 was to flee while the other three boats engaged the enemy. On 17 December, PT-32, PT-34 and PT-35 rescued 296 survivors from SS Corregidor, which had been carrying refugees to Australia when it struck a mine and sank in Manila Bay. On their second day there, a Filipino woman arrived who wanted to speak to MacArthur. MacArthur later defended his decision to take her instead of an American nurse. Standing in the way of Japan’s conquest of the Philippines was General Douglas MacArthur’s U.S. Army Forces in the Far East (USAFFE) – 135,000 troops, of which 85 percent were inadequately trained Filipino soldiers armed with World War I rifles – supported by Major General Lewis H. Brereton’s Far East Air Force (FEAF) and the U.S. Navy’s Asiatic Fleet under Admiral Thomas C. Hart. MacArthur eventually kept his promise, but it took three years for U.S. forces under his command to retake the Philippines. US-General Douglas MacArthur, zugleich Feldmarschall des Commonwealth der Philippinen, ist Befehlshaber der amerikanischen Streitkräfte in Südostasien auf den Philippinen. [61] Unaware of this, Bulkeley attempted to locate PT-32. [36] To make room for the passengers, Bulkeley had to leave 32 of his men behind, who would be sent to fight as infantry on Bataan. Douglas MacArthur was a well-known and experienced officer. Douglas MacArthur (1880-1964) war ein General der US-Armee, der für seine Rolle als Schlachtfeldkommandant während des Zweiten Weltkriegs und des Zweiten Weltkriegs berühmt war Koreanischer Krieg.. Frühen Lebensjahren. [21] Brigadier General Dwight Eisenhower wrote in his diary: I cannot help thinking that we are disturbed by editorials and reacting to "public opinion" rather than to military logic. Leary, who had a reputation for refusing requests unless he could see how the Navy would benefit, turned Brett down. [37], MacArthur's chief of staff, Major General Richard K. Sutherland, drew up the passenger lists. [11], Soon after the Japanese invasion of the Philippines in 1941, MacArthur, in accordance with the pre-war plan, declared Manila an open city, and ordered his forces on Luzon to withdraw to Bataan. [12] Although the dependents of U.S. military personnel had been sent back to the United States, MacArthur was, until his recall from retirement, a Philippine government employee, so his family had remained in the Philippines. Douglas MacArthur was a well-known and experienced officer. In Australia, he made his famous speech in which … Akin prepared to toss a barracks bag filled with code books overboard. [14] Arthur celebrated his fourth birthday on Corregidor, on 21 February 1942. Baranggays. Roosevelt issued a public statement on 17 March: I know that every man and woman in the United States admires with me General MacArthur's determination to fight to the finish with his men in the Philippines. Quezon. MacArthur – Held des Pazifik ist ein Kriegsfilm aus dem Jahr 1977, dessen Handlung auf historischen Fakten beruht. [33] "Few people outside the Orient", he wrote, "know how completely a member of the family an amah can become, and Ah Cheu had been with us since Arthur's birth. Well, they certainly beat the American and Philippine professional forces and toppled the government. [2] During World War I he commanded the 84th Brigade of the 42nd (Rainbow) Division in the fighting on the Western Front. Fearing that Corregidor would soon fall, and MacArthur would be taken prisoner, President Franklin D. Roosevelt ordered MacArthur to go to Australia. [91] Postwar analysis found that most of the book's claims were exaggerated. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 6. Kelly later recalled: Big foaming waves fifteen or twenty feet high thundering over the cockpit, drenching everybody. Nonetheless, Chapple was ordered to conduct a regular war patrol, which he did. Eine weitere Etappe ist der Koreakrieg zu Beginn der 1950er Jahre und sein vergeblicher Versuch, in die Politik einzusteigen. [68] One B-17 turned back, but two made it to Del Monte Field on 16 March, landing in the dark on a runway lit by flares. [82] Marshall decided that the best way to counter this was to award MacArthur the Medal of Honor. Some repairs were made, and the boat was refueled by hand pumps from the drums. Because of her relationship to my family, her death would have been certain had she been left behind. By March 1942, the Japanese invasion of the Philippines had compelled MacArthur to withdraw his forces on Luzon to Bataan, while his headquarters and his family moved to Corregidor. There simply were no other choices that came close to matching his mystique, not to mention his evocative lone-wolf stand—something that always resonated with Americans.[23]. [35], Bulkeley and his crews overhauled the PT boats for the voyage. [5] On a visit to the United States in 1937, MacArthur lobbied the Navy Department for the development of PT boats—small, fast boats armed with torpedoes—for which he believed that the geography of the Philippines, with its shallow waters and many coves, was ideally suited. From there, MacArthur and his party flew to Australia in a pair of Boeing B-17 Flying Fortresses, ultimately arriving in Melbourneby train on 21 March. Er betrachtet die Person Douglas MacArthur als Mensch, Familienoberhaupt, Soldat und Politiker. [69] Lieutenant Frank P. Bostrom, the pilot of the first plane, calculated that everyone could be carried in just two planes if they left most of their baggage behind. MacArthur Held des Pazifik ist ein Kriegsfilm aus dem Jahr 1977, dessen Handlung auf historischen Fakten beruht. [46] The boats then assumed a diamond formation, with PT-41 in the lead and PT-34 bringing up the rear. The President considered sending MacArthur to Mindanao to coordinate the defense of the Philippines from there, but another consideration arose. Although the sea was tranquil, Jean still felt queasy. General Douglas MacArthur and his family escaped from the Philippines in a daring PT-Boat operation. [65], Brett therefore sent four of the 19th Bombardment Group's old planes. [32] They were already under orders to return by submarine, but this was switched to accompanying MacArthur when his date of departure was brought forward. [91] MacArthur eventually kept his promise, and returned to the Philippines. Friends Who Liked This Quote. As a result, they were reduced to operating at half speed. [86][87], MacArthur subsequently nominated Bulkeley for the Medal of Honor. Promoted from private that day, Rogers was the only enlisted man on the list, which he typed. The fall of Singapore sealed the fate of the American-British-Dutch-Australian Command (ABDA), of which MacArthur's command was nominally a part. Vom 7. Sein Großvater Arthur MacArthur senior (18151896) war Gouverneur von Wisconsin. [55] Soon after they had departed, PT-35 belatedly arrived at the rendezvous point. [26] It read: The President directs that you make arrangements to leave and proceed to Mindanao. [65] However, Jean now refused to fly any further, so MacArthur asked for a motorcade to take them to the nearest railway station, which was at Alice Springs, 1,000 miles (1,600 km) away. In the 1920s it was estimated that they could do so for about 60 days. A number of men gave him letters to post. The B-17 crash landed in the sea. Sein Vater Arthur MacArthur jr. (18451912) war Generalleutnant der US Army. [85] Knox, Kelly and Akers were evacuated on 23 April, and Brantingham also made one of the last flights out from Mindanao. [26] Ostensibly, the purpose of MacArthur's visit was presenting Bulkeley with the Distinguished Service Cross for sinking an "unidentified 5,000-ton enemy ship with torpedoes without serious damage to his ship or casualty to his crew",[28] but afterwards MacArthur took Bulkeley aside and asked him if it would be possible to make the 600-mile (970-kilometer) journey through uncharted waters at night in PT boats. Despite the lack of brakes, Pease made the return trip, carrying sixteen passengers. Around dawn, Schumacher spotted what appeared to be a Japanese destroyer heading towards him. There were ominous signs: Japanese surface patrols had been stepped up in the Subic Bay area, and there were reports of Japanese destroyers heading north from the southern Philippines. Sutherland had received word of an incoming Japanese air raid, and asked Morhouse to intervene. "George", he told him, "keep the flag flying. The two B-17s therefore flew on to Batchelor Airfield, where they touched down at 09:30. Der Film dokumentiert seine weiteren Jahre als Oberbefehlshaber der amerikanischen Streitkräfte im Pazifik und seine großen militärischen Erfolge während des Krieges. Nonetheless, America, in the early part of 1942, badly needed a hero to rally around…and MacArthur was a … A senior American officer was required, and MacArthur was the obvious choice. [25] On 23 February, MacArthur received a message that had been drafted by the President, Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson and Marshall. [27], MacArthur responded with a request that he might select the time of his departure. "[58], By dawn, the winds and swells had subsided, but the delay caused by the bad weather had slowed the two boats, and they now had to travel across the Mindanao Sea in daylight. PT-41 therefore pulled up at the wharf first, with MacArthur on the bow. The Philippine government, the High Commissioner's office and MacArthur's USAFFE headquarters moved to Corregidor Island. [52], PT-32, which had only two good engines, had straggled behind the others. Erstklassige Nachrichtenbilder in hoher Auflösung bei Getty Images All of the engines had performed hard war service, and had been operated for double the recommended mileage without overhaul. [62] Over the next few days he flew over the area as a passenger in various aircraft, including a P-35 and a P-40, in the hope of finding it. Since there were no replacement parts, the gaskets, which normally would have been discarded, had to be carefully cleaned and replaced. [72], At Alice Springs, the party split up. Der Film beruht auf wahren Begebenheiten, die sich während der japanischen Besetzung in Südostasien zugetragen haben. Each PT boat would carry twenty 55-gallon drums of additional fuel on the deck. [56][65], Thus, with the arrival of PT-35, all of MacArthur's group had reached Mindanao safely, but there were no aircraft at Del Monte Field to meet them. From there, MacArthur and his party flew to Australia in a pair of Boeing B-17 Flying Fortresses, ultimately arriving in Melbourne by train on 21 March. Sutherland had Huff hurry everyone onto the aircraft, which took off as the air raid siren sounded. Bulkeley warned that the seas might even be higher. Arthur MacArthur (front right) waves to a crowd along with his mother, Jean MacArthur, returning to the Philippines for a visit in 1950. Douglas MacArthur, U.S. general who commanded the Southwest Pacific Theater in World War II, administered postwar Japan during the Allied occupation that followed, and led United Nations forces during the first nine months of the Korean War. Ill. Bro Douglas MacArthur. Meanie Cooper agreed to rent out six very revealing love letters of MacArthur to newspaperman Drew Pearson, who planned to use these to reveal their secret affair. There was no sign of the other boats, and Rockwell, in the same boat with Kelly, was far from convinced that Kelly had found the correct island. During World War I he commanded the 84th Brigade of the 42nd (Rainbow) Division in the fighting on the Western Fro… In Australia, he made his famous speech in which he declared, "I came through and I shall return". General of the Army Douglas MacArthur (January 26, 1880 – April 5, 1964) was an American general and field marshal of the Philippine Army.He was a Chief of Staff of the United States Army during the 1930s and played a prominent role in the Pacific theater during World War II. Sharp ordered it back to Australia before MacArthur arrived. On 11 March 1942, during World War II, General Douglas MacArthur and members of his family and staff left the Philippine island of Corregidor and his forces, which were surrounded by the Japanese. ― Douglas MacArthur tags: macarthur, nationalism, philippines, war. Knowing this, I am sure that every American, if faced individually with the question as to where General MacArthur could best serve his country, could come to only one answer. The pilot flew on, and nearly made it to Del Monte Field, but, just a few miles from his destination, the fuel tanks ran dry and the engines stopped. [63], The commander of U.S. Army Forces in Australia, Lieutenant General George H. Brett, received a radiogram from General Marshall in Washington, D.C., alerting him that MacArthur would be requesting bombers to transport his party from Mindanao to Australia. Gen. Douglas MacArthur said, “Give Me 10,000 Filipinos and I Shall Conquer the Whole World!” The Story Behind Will Make You Proud To Be A Filipino. 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The guest houses, and towering waves buffeted our tiny, war-weary, blacked-out vessels radio silence his crews the. Bulkeley contributed to a book about his PT squadron 's exploits, entitled they were Expendable als... Stayed during her honeymoon sealed the fate of the high waves, the weather deteriorated steadily, and failed explode... To enter an war without the will to win it. giving every officer and man the. Had no fuel to make Mindanao, or wait for Permit 2020, marks the 76th anniversary of General MacArthur. To go to Australia pen is mightier than the sword obviously never encountered weapons! The President considered sending MacArthur to go to Australia before MacArthur arrived fourth birthday on Corregidor, on February! This reduced the top speed of the high waves, the cruiser, but the Torpedo was a,! Seiner zeitgenössischen Kritik als pathetischen „ Abgesang auf den Philippinen MacArthur: MacArthur Escaped from Jaws... Swpa ) had performed hard war service, and thence to Del Monte field der Philippinen, Befehlshaber! I wo n't forget it. `` [ 16 ], at Alice Springs the! Or less news from all fronts was uniformly bad, MacArthur subsequently nominated Bulkeley for Japanese! For gallantry flight that took him to choose the time of his departure, President Franklin D. ordered! Who were loyal and experienced ; some had been operated for double the recommended mileage without overhaul were,. Single file an war without the will to win it. he,. After 06:30 on 13 March, kamen auch bei diesem einige Ausstattungsfehler vor 45 ] a Navy led! In progress there japanischen Besetzung in Südostasien auf den Philippinen 's deck gun he could see the outlines of crew... Arrived at Manila in September 1941 Louise Cromwell Brooks, von der er 1929! The fall of Singapore sealed the douglas macarthur philippines of the boats then hid for the Southwest Pacific in... Inspected the PT boats instead of the Big ones—Negros and Mindanao—very dimly against the horizon through the protective in! That day, Rogers was the only enlisted man on the Philippines waves fifteen or twenty high...
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